The earliest that is known of the history of Ooty, is that it was ruled by Vishnu Vardhana, the Hoysala King, from 1104 to 1141 AD. Later, after many years, it came under the rule of the British East India Company, after the company signed a treaty with the brave Tipu Sultan in 1799. This is when John Sullivan started the development of the hill station and promoted it as an ideal summer retreat. Lots of cottages, clubs and other buildings were built to house and provide recreational facilities to the British officials. Soon enough, the hill station was growing tea for its inhabitants, who considered high tea to be an integral part of their day. Now, these tea estates not only produce the favorite drink of millions of Indians but also add to the charm and the beauty of the hill resort of Ooty India
Ooty or Udagamandalam (the Tamil version of the original name) rightly described as “Queen of Hill Stations” by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, now sprawls over an area of 36 sq km with a number of tall buildings cluttering its hill slopes. It is situated at an altitude of 2,240 meters above sea level. Ooty still woos people from all over India as well as foreign countries right through summer, and sometimes in the winter months too.
John Sullivan, the British governor of neighbouring Coimbatore province, liked the climate of this forested land, and occupied it by taking land from the native tribes (Toda, Irumba and Badaga);
The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR), famous for its unique Rack and Pinion system.
It has been recently declared by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) as World Heritage Site, Union Minister of State R Velu unveiled a plaque proclaiming World Heritage Status for Nilgiri Mountain Railway at Mettupalayam railway station in Coimbatore recently..
Mudumallai Wild Life Sanctuary is a fantastic sanctuary near ooty. It has a wide range of animals and birds. It is situated on ther border of Tamilnadu & karnataka. The other side is Bandiipur Wild Life Sanctuary.
It is a real pleasure to Trek in The Nilgiris. Trekking place include Mukurthi Peak, Rangasamy Pillar, Parson’s valley and many more .